Tenses

  1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

(SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT/ INDIRECT OBJECT / DIRECT OBJECT)

Simple present tense explains about the work you do on a daily basis.

RULE 1

Use ‘es’  near third person singular if necessary.

Use’s’near third person singular.

Use simple form of verb near third person plural.

EXAMPLE

I go to school.

You reach the office in time.

He goes to college.

She walks fast.

They dance with energy.

 

  1. SIMPLE PAST TENSE

(SUBJECT +VERB + OBJECT/ DIRECT OBJECT /DIRECT OBJECT)

Simple past tense talks about an action or event that has taken place  before sometime .

EXAMPLE

Francis went to play

Jerald came with us.

The boy ate a cup of ice cream.

You took my book yesterday.

Robert studied well for the exam.

 

  1. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

(SUBJECT+ WILL + VERB+ OBJECT/ INDIRECT OBJECT/ DIRECT OBJECT )

Simple future tense explains about an action that will take place after sometime.

EXAMPLE

Geeta will come home.

Rohan will perform well.

We will plan a trip.

Hardy will get you a gift.

BE VERB

Be verb is used to explain about an action that is taking place / took place/ will take place

am

is

was

are

were

 

  1. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + BE- VERB +ING)

Present continuous tense tells us about an action that is taking place right now.

RULE 1

‘Is’ is used in singular form of sentence. ‘Are’ is used in the plural form of sentence.

EXAMPLE

I am flying to Australia.

I am going out.

He is waiting for you.

She is reading a book.

We are supporting a social cause.

They are dancing in a college day fun

RULE 2

‘You’ is an exception. Use ‘are’ after the pronoun. 

EXAMPLE

You are jogging every day. It is good for health.

You are a good person.

 

  1. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + BE- VERB + VERB+ ING)

Past continuous tense  explains about an action that took place sometime ago.

RULE 1

‘Was’  is used in singular form.

‘Were’ is used in plural form.

EXAMPLE

I was singing.

I was running.

Rajesh and Victor were on their way to the airport few hours ago.

Rosy and William were in a restaurant yesterday. Raj met them.

RULE 2

‘You’ is an exception. Use ‘were’ in the past continuous form of tense after the pronoun.

EXAMPLE

You were late to the function.

You were standing on the road that day.

 

  1. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + WILL BE + VERB+ING)

Future continuous tense explains about an action that will take place in sometime.

EXAMPLE

Jack will be  attending a conference in Chicago.

I will be going on a pilgrimage next month.

Authors will be publishing books on various topics next year.

I will be listening to a speech on impact of scientific development.

 

  1. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + HAVE/ HAS + VERB+ PAST PARTICIPLE)

Present Perfect continuous tense is used to convey about an action that is complete just now.

RULE 1

Use  ‘have’ for an  action that has taken place just now. It means that an action that has taken place  5 -10 minutes ago. Use ‘have’  near first person, second person and third person plural.

Use past participle in perfect tense.

EXAMPLE

I have come home.

I have taken the tablet.

Boby and Nitish have scored high marks.

We have reached the destination.

We have gone to Austria.

You have to reach on time.

You have a responsibility.

They have a plan to commence a business.

They have bought a car.

RULE 2

Use ‘has’ for an action that is complete few minutes , hours or years back.

Use ‘has’  near third person singular.

EXAMPLE

He has driven the vehicle carefully.

He has a laptop.

Bill Gates has plenty of money.

Sunny has  a BMW.

She has an expensive gadget.

She has flown to Delhi.

It has taken lot of time to complete this work.

Whatever has happened, it has a reason behind.

 

  1. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + HAD + VERB+ PAST PARTICIPLE)

Past perfect continuous tense tells about an action that is complete and there are less chances for that activity or action to happen.

RULE 1

Use  ‘had’ to tell about an action that took place long time back and an action that may or may not take place again.

Use ‘had’ near all nouns and pronouns.

EXAMPLE

I had a scooter.

I had a book that deals with psychology.

She had a bag made of leather.

She had visited the place.

Kevin had eaten the chicken.

James had forgotten to share the news.

You had a shock.

You had a van.

He had to business.

He had a problem.

It had vanished.

It had gone.

 

  1. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + WILL HAVE/WOULD HAVE + VERB+ PAST PARTICIPLE )

 

RULE 1

Use ‘will have’ or ‘would have’  to explain about an action that you have a doubt. 

EXAMPLE

He will have come.

She would have taken the pen.

Ram will have gone out.

It would have got damaged.

 

  1. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT + HAVE BEEN/ HAS BEEN + VERB + ING)

The tense tells about an action that is happening for a long time.

RULE 1

Use ‘have been’ near the first person, second person and third person plural.

EXAMPLE

I have been travelling a lot for the last two months.

I have been visiting the ashram.

You have been talking with us on this issue over a period of time.

You have been raising this issue but we will not be able to solve it now.

Every time  we go to Mumbai we have been flying.

We have been seeing the growth of the country.

They have been resting for over two hours.

They have been practicing for the program.

RULE 2

Use has been near third person singular.

EXAMPLE

Sathya has been on the top since he joined the organisation.

My boss has been enriching my knowledge on the job profile.

He has been working here.

She has been enjoying the performance

It has been long time we met.

 

  1. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT+ HAD BEEN+ VERB + ING)

The tense explains about an action that was happening and now it has stopped.

EXAMPLE

We had been trying to solve the sum.

Catherine and Mary had been working on this project.

Children had been playing.

 

  1. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

(SUBJECT+WILL HAVE BEEN+VERB+ING)

The tense deals with an action that is suppose to happen. 

EXAMPLE

I will have been starting from office by 6.00 pm.

They will have been calling us.

Zaheer and Rehman will have been writing notes.

 

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